Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 6 21. Nov. 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 30 (2015), No. 3 (19.05.2015)
Page 648-656, doi:10.11607/jomi.3863, PubMed:26009916
Comparison of Implant and Provisional Placement Protocols in Sinus-Augmented Bone: A Preliminary Report
Lang, Lisa A. / Edgin, Wendell A. / Garcia, Lily T. / Olvera, Norma / Verrett, Ronald / Bohnenkamp, David / Haney, Stephen J.
Purpose: To evaluate preliminary data on clinical outcomes associated with timing of placement of single implant-supported provisional crowns and implants in augmented bone.
Materials and Methods: Twenty patients underwent sinus elevation bone grafting followed by a 6-month healing period before implant placement and immediate placement of a provisional crown (group [G] 1); 20 patients received sinus elevation bone grafting at the time of implant placement and immediate placement of a provisional crown (G2); 20 patients required no bone augmentation before implant placement and immediate placement of a provisional crown (G3); and 20 patients received sinus elevation bone grafting followed by a 6-month healing period before implant placement followed by a 6-month healing period before restoration (G4). The height of the crestal bone was measured and recorded to determine mean bone changes, and success rates were determined.
Results: Mean bone level comparisons were made between G2 and G3, G2 and G4, and G3 and G4. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups (P < .05). G1 was discontinued based on the initial results: two implants did not meet the 35-Ncm insertion test, and one implant failed within 1 month after implant placement. The 1-year implant survival rates were 86% (n = 12/14), 95% (n = 19/20), and 100% (n = 16/16) for G2, G3, and G4, respectively. Differences in survival rates between the groups were not statistically significant (P < .05).
Conclusion: Implant survival is affected by the timing of sinus augmentation and implant placement in relation to the timing of crown placement. Implants that were restored immediately regardless of the timing of bone augmentation showed greater failure rates than implants in augmented bone with delayed restoration protocols or those that were restored immediately in sites without bone augmentation. Neither the timing of loading nor timing of implant placement in relation to bone augmentation surgery affected mean bone loss.
Keywords: bone augmentation, bone loss, clinical outcomes, immediate implant placement, immediate provisionalization