Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 1 26. Jan. 2017
Purpose: Reinforcement of maxillary implant overdentures is necessary not only for preventing prosthetic complications but also for protecting underlying structures, as it makes the denture base more rigid. However, few studies have investigated the effects of reinforcement on the underlying structure. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of reinforcement on implant stress under various implant configurations and denture designs.
Materials and Methods: A maxillary edentulous model with implants and experimental overdentures with and without palatal coverage and three types of cast reinforcement was fabricated. Four strain gauges were attached to the implants in the anterior, premolar, and molar areas. A vertical occlusal load of 98 N was applied through the mandibular complete denture, and the strain on the implants was compared using one-way analysis of variance (P = .05).
Results: In dentures with palatal coverage, reinforcement significantly decreased the strain on the anterior and molar implants. In palateless dentures, reinforcement with a palatal bar decreased the strain most on the anterior and molar implants.
Conclusion: Reinforcement of maxillary implant overdentures decreased the strain on underlying implants, regardless of the denture design and implant configurations.
Keywords: implant, load, maxillary implant overdenture, palateless denture, strain