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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 26 (2011), No. 2     15. Apr. 2011
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 26 (2011), No. 2  (15.04.2011)

Page 385-392, PubMed:21483892


Healing of Ungrafted and Grafted Extraction Sockets After 12 Weeks: A Prospective Clinical Study
Heberer, Susanne / Al-Chawaf, Bassem / Jablonski, Carlo / Nelson, John J. / Lage, Hermann / Nelson, Katje
Purpose: In this prospective study, bone formation in human extraction sockets augmented with Bio-Oss Collagen after a 12-week healing period was quantified and compared to bone formation in unaugmented extraction sockets.
Materials and Methods: Selected patients with four-walled extraction sockets were included in this prospective study. After extraction, the sockets were randomly augmented using Bio-Oss Collagen or left to heal unfilled without raising a mucoperiosteal flap. At the time of implant placement, histologic specimens were obtained from the socket and analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.
Results: Twenty-five patients with a total of 39 sockets (20 augmented, 19 unaugmented) were included in the study and the histologic specimens analyzed. All specimens were free of inflammatory cells. The mean overall new bone formation in the augmented sites was 25% (range, 8%-41%) and in the unaugmented sockets it was 44% (range, 3%-79%). There was a significant difference in the rate of new bone formation between the grafted and ungrafted sockets and a significant difference in the bone formation rate in the apical compared to the coronal regions of all sockets, independent of the healing mode.
Conclusion: This descriptive study demonstrated that bone formation in Bio-Oss Collagen-grafted human extraction sockets was lower than bone formation in ungrafted sockets. Bone formation occurred in all specimens with varying degrees of maturation independent of the grafting material and was initiated from the apical region.

Keywords: bone grafting, bovine bone mineral, collagen, extraction socket, socket preservation