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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 26 (2011), No. 3     15. June 2011
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 26 (2011), No. 3  (15.06.2011)

Page 618-630, PubMed:21691610

The Influence of Individual Bone Patterns on Peri-implant Bone Loss: Preliminary Report from a 3-year Randomized Clinical and Histologic Trial in Patients Treated with Implants Restored with Matching-Diameter Abutments or the Platform-Switching Concept
Canullo, Luigi / Iannello, Giuliano / Götz, Werner
Purpose: This study sought to determine whether there was a correlation between bone resorption and individual bone patterns in patients treated with implants restored conventionally or using the platform-switching concept.
Materials and Methods: Ten patients (24 implants) were randomly assigned to receive implants with different platform diameters (3.8, 4.3, 4.8, or 5.5 mm), all of which were restored with standard 3.8-mm-diameter abutments. Biopsy specimens were obtained prior to implant placement, and histologic and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. Standardized radiographs were made at each site after implant placement and at 36 months after prosthetic loading and bone levels were determined.
Results: One patient dropped out, resulting in a total of 9 patients and 22 implants. Mean bone resorption was 1.358 mm for non-platform-switched implants; mean resorption was 0.832, 0.486, and 0.375 mm for implant platforms of 4.3, 4.8, and 5.5 mm, respectively. After standardization of peri-implant bone remodeling values, a borderline direct correlation between peri-implant bone changes and levels of biglycans was found. At the same time, a borderline indirect correlation between bone changes and levels of tumor necrosis factor-α was found.
Conclusions: Within the limit of this study, which was conducted in a small patient sample over a short observation period, an individual resorption trend was detected and paralleled by immunohistochemical findings. Individual local bone structure and quality seemed to be correlated to peri-implant bone resorption. Correlations between biglycan and tumor necrosis factor-α and bone resorption should be confirmed by a larger patient sample.

Keywords: biglycans, bone biomarkers, bone level, bone loss, dental implants, implant design, platform switching, tumor necrosis factor-α