Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 26 (2011), No. 3 15. June 2011
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 26 (2011), No. 3 (15.06.2011)
Page 657-664, PubMed:21691614
Telescopic Magnetic Attachment for Implant-Supported Denture: Evaluation of Splint Effect
Chen, JianRong / Tomotake, Yoritoki / Watanabe, Megumi / Ishida, Yuichi / Nagao, Kan / Ichikawa, Tetsuo
Purpose: Retrievability, connecting strength, and ease of laboratory work are important but conflicting prerequisites for the success of an implant superstructure, particularly with regard to immediate function. To resolve this issue, a telescopic magnetic attachment system has been developed for implant-supported removable dentures. The splinting effect of the attachment was evaluated for stress distribution and elevation with an in vitro model of three implants in an edentulous mandible.
Materials and Methods: Two types of telescopic magnetic attachments were prepared; the inclination angles of the axial wall of the abutment were 2.5 and 6.0 degrees. Three types of three-unit superstructures-a screw-retained superstructure and two telescopic magnet-retained superstructures-were fabricated. Static loads of 24.5, 49, and 98 N were applied vertically at three loading points on one side of each occlusal table. The elevation was measured as the height at which the magnet-retained superstructure detached from the abutment (on the other side of the prosthesis). In addition, by means of strain gauges, the stress distribution around the implants was evaluated and compared among the superstructures with the same three loads applied at six different points.
Results: The magnet-retained superstructure with the axial wall inclined at 2.5 degrees did not detach from the abutment. The differences in stress distribution between the screw-retained and magnet-retained superstructures with a 2.5-degree inclination were found to be statistically insignificant. The magnet-retained superstructure with a 6-degree inclination detached from the abutment, and the stress was concentrated during loading to a cantilever site.
Conclusion: Because of its stress distribution and elevation, the new telescopic magnetic attachment, which has properties such as splinting the implants, ease of fabrication, and retrievability, is expected to be a viable alternative for the retention of implant-supported removable dentures.
Keywords: implant, magnetic attachment, splint effect, stress distribution, telescopic