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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 30 (2015), No. 2     26. Mar. 2015
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 30 (2015), No. 2  (26.03.2015)

Page 346-350, doi:10.11607/jomi.3768, PubMed:25830395

Fracture Strength Study of Internally Connected Zirconia Abutments Reinforced with Titanium Inserts
Chun, Hyo-Jung / Yeo, In-Sung / Lee, Joo-Hee / Kim, Seong-Kyun / Heo, Seong-Joo / Koak, Jai-Young / Han, Jung-Suk / Lee, Shin-Jae
Purpose: The implant-abutment connection area is known to be the weakest part of an internal-connection zirconia abutment and therefore the most likely to fracture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complementary effect of a titanium insert on the fracture strength of a zirconia abutment.
Materials and Methods: Three types of abutments with internal connection structures were selected and assembled: titanium abutment-titanium abutment screw (Ti-Ti), zirconia abutment-titanium abutment screw (Zr-Ti), and zirconia abutment-titanium insert-titanium abutment screw (Zr+Ti-Ti). Fifteen abutments and 15 implants were used and divided into three groups of five specimens each. Compressive loading was applied to the specimens at 30 degrees off-axis with dislocation speed of 1 mm/min and was increased until deformation occurred.
Results: The Ti-Ti specimens showed the highest maximum fracture load, followed by the Zr+Ti-Ti specimens; the Zr-Ti assemblies were the weakest. Significant differences in fracture strength were found between the groups. All of the investigated Zr abutments fractured. However, in the Zr+Ti-Ti specimens, 60% of the Ti abutment screws fractured and 40% bent, whereas all of the abutment screws in the Zr-Ti group were only bent.
Conclusion: The Ti insert, as a substitute for the weakest part of a Zr abutment in an implant with an internal friction connection, can reinforce the fracture strength of a Zr abutment.

Keywords: dental implant abutment, fracture strength, internal connection, titanium insert, zirconia