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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 31 (2016), No. 3     13. May 2016
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 31 (2016), No. 3  (13.05.2016)

Page 622-630, doi:10.11607/jomi.4172, PubMed:27183071

A New Method Using Autogenous Impacted Third Molars for Sinus Augmentation to Enhance Implant Treatment: Case Series with Preliminary Results of an Open, Prospective Longitudinal Study
Pohl, Veronika / Schuh, Christian / Fischer, Michael B. / Haas, Robert
Purpose: This prospective longitudinal study reports on the results in patients given autologous tooth material for augmentation in a sinus elevation procedure.
Materials and Methods: Six patients with inadequate bone supply for augmentation in the maxillary posterior tooth region and at least one impacted maxillary third molar underwent sinus elevation surgery with lateral access using the particulate tooth material. One of the patients received four implants during the same session, while the other patients had a total of 15 implants placed after a healing phase of an average 5.5 months. Drill cylinders collected from the implant bed during the procedure were subjected to histologic/immunohistochemical evaluation.
Results: All six patients showed normal and unobtrusive postoperative healing, having undergone prosthetic restoration up to 5 years before. The average peri-implant probing pocket depth after a period of up to 5 years ranged between 1.86 mm (mesial and lingual) and 2.07 mm (distal and buccal). No bleeding could be triggered with any of the peri-implant probes. The average peri-implant bone resorption measured during the first year was up to 0.63 mm, with the lowest being 0 mm and the maximum 2.9 mm. Peri-implant bone remained stable for the follow-up time of up to 5 years. Histologically, six biopsy specimens collected from five patients showed osteoconductive osteogenesis with encapsulation of tooth enamel and dentin portions and partial resorption of the tooth components. Cementum shares were no longer discernible. Immunohistochemical assessment showed intense new vessel formation that could be observed in the area of loose stroma of reorganized tissue in the augmented area.
Conclusion: Within the limits of these preliminary results and with adequate consideration of the small number of patients included, the use of autogenous crushed tooth material from impacted third molars may represent an alternative augmentation material for use in sinus elevation procedures.

Keywords: augmentation, bone substitute, dental implant, dentin, enamel, sinus elevation