Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 1 26. Jan. 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 1 (26.01.2017)
Page 164-170, doi:10.11607/jomi.5305, PubMed:28095520
Dental Implants in the Elderly Population: A Long-Term Follow-up
Compton, Sharon M. / Clark, Danielle / Chan, Stephanie / Kuc, Iris / Wubie, Berhanu A. / Levin, Liran
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to evaluate implant survival and success in the elderly population and to assess indicators and risk factors for success or failure of dental implants in older adults (aged 60 years and older).
Materials and Methods: This historical prospective study was developed from a cohort of patients born prior to 1950 who received dental implants in a single private dental office. Implant survival and marginal bone levels were recorded and analyzed with regard to different patient- and implant-related factors.
Results: The study examined 245 patient charts and 1,256 implants from one dental clinic. The mean age at the time of implant placement was 62.18 ± 8.6 years. Smoking was reported by 9.4% of the cohort studied. The overall survival rate of the implants was 92.9%; 7.1% of the implants had failed. Marginal bone loss depicted by exposed threads was evident in 23.3% of the implants. Presenting with generalized periodontal disease and/or severe periodontal disease negatively influenced the survival probability of the implant. Implants placed in areas where bone augmentation was performed prior to or during implant surgery did not have the same longevity compared with those that did not have augmentation prior to implantation.
Conclusion: The overall findings concluded that implants can be successfully placed in older adults. A variety of factors are involved in the long-term success of the implant, and special consideration should be taken prior to placing implants in older adults to limit the influence of those risk factors.
Keywords: bone loss, dental hygiene, gingival health, maintenance, plaque, prevention