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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 3     19. May 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 3  (19.05.2017)

Page 625-632, doi:10.11607/jomi.5149, PubMed:28494031


Evaluation of Pink and White Esthetic Scores for Immediately Placed and Provisionally Restored Implants in the Anterior Maxilla
Vidigal, Guaracilei Maciel Jr / Groisman, Mario / Clavijo, Victor Grover Rene / Barros Paulinelli Santos, Igor Guimarães / Fischer, Ricardo Guimarães
Purpose: To evaluate the esthetic result of immediately placed implants with immediate provisional restorations in the anterior maxilla using the pink esthetic score (PES) and white esthetic score (WES).
Materials and Methods: The records of patients were evaluated retrospectively. The evaluation was carried out by two examiners using 12 evaluation criteria.
Results: The average PES value from the evaluation of 53 images obtained from the 53 selected patients (22 men and 31 women) was 8.63 ± 2.4 (range, 1-14), whereas the average WES value was 6.92 ± 1.67 (range, 2-10). The mesial papilla had the highest average PES (1.39 ± 0.4) and the distal papilla had the lowest PES (0.87 ± 0.54). Texture had the highest average WES (1.54 ± 0.34) and tooth shape had the lowest average WES (1.25 ± 0.43).
Conclusion: Treatment with immediate implants providing immediate provisional restoration in the anterior maxilla yields good clinical esthetic outcomes, as assessed by PES/WES values. The PES and WES values showed strong intraexaminer agreement, but weak interexaminer agreement.

Keywords: esthetic zone, immediate implants, immediate restoration, pink esthetic score, white esthetic score