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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 4     18. July 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 4  (18.07.2017)

Page 801-806, doi:10.11607/jomi.5546, PubMed:28708910


Influence of the Posterior Mandible Ridge Morphology on Virtual Implant Planning
Gallucci, German O. / Khoynezhad, Shirin / Yansane, Alfa I. / Taylor, Jacob / Buser, Daniel / Friedland, Bernard
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the anatomy of the mandibular posterior region to develop an anatomical categorization for implant-prosthodontic planning.
Materials and Methods: Using cone beam computed tomography scans, 313 cross-sectional views of edentulous posterior mandibular sites were evaluated with respect to the anatomical ridge morphology. Virtual implant planning was performed, and the need for bone grafting was assessed. The level of complexity for planning implants in those positions was assessed. Sites were classified as straightforward, advanced, or complex sites based on the need for bone grafting.
Results: Five well-defined cross-sectional configurations were observed: straight (53.6%), oblique (26.2%), s-shape (7.4%), hourglass shape (1.9%), and basal bone (10.8%). There was a statistically significant association between the ridge shape and the feasibility of placing an implant with or without bone grafting; the straight and oblique ridge shapes were more likely to be associated with a favorable anatomy for implant placement.
Conclusion: The ridge shape significantly influenced the ease or difficulty of placing an implant. The s-shape, hourglass, and basal bone posterior mandibular cross-sectional shapes were associated with a higher degree of difficulty.

Keywords: dental implants, mandibular classification, posterior edentulous mandible, ridge morphology, virtual implant planning