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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 3     31. May 2018
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 3  (31.05.2018)

Page 523-529, doi:10.11607/jomi.5920, PubMed:29028849

The Effect of Resin Cement Type and Thermomechanical Aging on the Retentive Strength of Custom Zirconia Abutments Bonded to Titanium Inserts
Bankoğlu Güngör, Merve / Karakoca Nemli, Seçil
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resin cement type on the retentive strength of custom zirconia abutments bonded to titanium inserts.
Materials and Methods: Sixty implant (4.3 mm diameter and 11.5 mm length) and custom zirconia abutment (15 mm height and 2 mm wall thickness) pairs were used to form six groups (n = 10 each). Three different resin cements were used to bond the zirconia abutments and titanium inserts: Panavia F 2.0, Zirconite, and Multilink Hybrid Abutment. Control groups and thermomechanically aged groups were formed. Specimens were subjected to tensile test to failure, and the retention values were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: Two-way ANOVA showed a significant effect of the cement type and thermomechanical aging (P < .05). Regardless of the cement, control groups showed significantly (P < .05) higher retentive strength than the thermomechanically aged groups. Comparing the resin cements, the retentive strength of Zirconite, aged or not, was higher than that of Panavia F 2.0 and Multilink Hybrid Abutment; no significant differences between the latter two cements were found. In the Zirconite group, adhesive failure occurred mostly between the titanium and the resin cement. In the Panavia F 2.0 and Multilink Hybrid Abutment groups, adhesive failure between the zirconia and the resin cement was observed.
Conclusion: Resin cement type had an effect on the retentive strength of custom zirconia abutments bonded to titanium inserts. Thermomechanical aging had a negative effect on the retentive strength. Zirconite adhesively bonded to the zirconia surface of the custom abutment. Differences were noted in adhesive failure types among the cements.

Keywords: dental abutment, tensile strength, zirconium