Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 3 31. May 2018
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 3 (31.05.2018)
Online Article, Page e73-e76, doi:10.11607/jomi.5885, PubMed:28817741
Online Article: Reconstruction of a Severely Atrophied Alveolar Ridge by Computer-Aided Gingival Simulation and 3D-Printed Surgical Guide: A Case Report
Song, In-Seok / Lee, Mi-Ran / Ryu, Jae-Jun / Lee, Ui-Lyong
Dental implants positioned in severely atrophied anterior maxillae require esthetic or functional compromises. This case report describes the rehabilitation of a severely atrophied alveolar ridge with a three-dimensional (3D) computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) surgical guide. A 50-year-old woman had a severely atrophied anterior maxilla with unfavorably positioned dental implants. Functional and esthetic prosthodontic restoration was difficult to achieve. An anterior segmental osteotomy was planned to reposition the dental implants. A 3D surgical guide was designed for precise relocation of the segment. The surgical guide firmly grasped the impression copings of the dental implants, minimizing surgical errors. Three-dimensional gingival simulation was used preoperatively to estimate the appropriate position of the gingiva. Rigid fixation to the surrounding bone allowed immobilization of the implant-bone segment. Satisfactory esthetic and functional outcomes were attained 6 months after surgery. Finally, a severely atrophied alveolar ridge with unfavorably positioned dental implants was recovered with minimal esthetic and functional deterioration using gingival simulation and a 3D CAD/CAM surgical guide.
Keywords: alveolar ridge augmentation, computer-aided three-dimensional imaging, computer simulation, dental implants, maxillary osteotomy