Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 2 5. Apr. 2018
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 2 (05.04.2018)
Online Article, Page e25-e32, doi:10.11607/jomi.5837, PubMed:29534122
Online Article: Effects of Screw Configuration on the Preload Force of Implant-Abutment Screws
Zipprich, Holger / Rathe, Florian / Pinz, Sören / Schlotmann, Luca / Lauer, Hans-Christoph / Ratka, Christoph
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tightening torque, screw head angle, and thread number on the preload force of abutment screws.
Materials and Methods: The test specimens consisted of three self-manufactured components (ie, a thread sleeve serving as an implant analog, an abutment analog, and an abutment screw). The abutment screws were fabricated with metric M1.6 external threads. The thread number varied between one and seven threads. The screw head angles were produced in eight varying angles (30 to 180 degrees). A sensor unit simultaneously measured the preload force of the screw and the torsion moment inside the screw shank. The tightening of the screw with the torque wrench was performed in five steps (15 to 35 Ncm). The torque wrench was calibrated before each step.
Results: Only the tightening torque and screw head angle affected the resulting preload force of the implant-abutment connection. The thread number had no effect. There was an approximately linear correlation between tightening torque and preload force.
Conclusion: The tightening torque and screw head angle were the only study parameters that affected the resulting preload force of the abutment screw. The results obtained from this experiment are valid only for a single torque condition. Further investigations are needed that analyze other parameters that affect preload force. Once these parameters are known, it will add value for a strong, but detachable connection between the implant and abutment. Short implants and flat-to-flat connections especially will benefit significantly from this knowledge.
Keywords: abutment, abutment screw, abutment screw configuration, dental implant, preload force, thread pitch