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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 4     31. July 2018
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 4  (31.07.2018)

Page 905-912, doi:10.11607/jomi.6419, PubMed:30025008


Long-Term Esthetic Outcome of Tissue-Level and Bone-Level Implants in the Anterior Maxilla
Siebert, Carola / Rieder, Dominik / Eggert, Jochen / Wichmann, Manfred Gerhard / Heckmann, Siegfried Martin
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the esthetic outcome of tissue-level (TL) and bonelevel (BL) implants that had been placed as single implants in the anterior maxilla.
Materials and Methods: Between 2001 and 2008, patients were treated using TL implants (Straumann). From 2008 until 2012, patients received the newly developed BL implant (Straumann). All patients with a single anterior maxillary implant who came to check-ups regularly were contacted and invited to take part in the study. Standardized photographs were taken to conduct the evaluation. Five observers analyzed the esthetic outcome using the pink esthetic score (PES). For the purpose of statistical analysis, the Wilcoxon rank sum test was applied. Interobserver reliability was evaluated with Krippendorff's alpha.
Results: Forty-six patients agreed to take part in the study. The study comprised 10 immediate (TL = 6, BL = 4), 21 early (TL = 6, BL = 15), and 15 delayed implantations (TL = 11, BL = 4). All implant sites were simultaneously augmented. The prosthetic restorations were delivered 6 to 24 weeks after implant placement in the TL group and 10 to 14 weeks after implant placement in the BL group. Esthetic evaluation was performed after a mean period of 9.5 years for TL implants (range: 5.5 to 12.0) and 3.7 years for BL implants (range: 2.6 to 7.1). The overall PES was 8.49 (SD: 2.35) for TL implants and 9.29 (SD: 1.90) for BL implants (P = .37). Comparison of single parameters was between P = .24 and P = .83, indicating no statistically significant difference between the two implant types.
Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, it can be stated that both implant designs showed comparably satisfying esthetic results.

Keywords: bone-level implant, esthetic zone, long-term esthetic outcome, pink esthetic score, single implant, tissue-level implant