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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 5     4. Oct. 2018
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33 (2018), No. 5  (04.10.2018)

Page 1057-1063, doi:10.11607/jomi.6278, PubMed:30231092


Vertical Bone Augmentation Using Ring Technique with Three Different Materials in the Sheep Mandible Bone
Jinno, Yohei / Jimbo, Ryo / Lindström, Martin / Sawase, Takashi / Lilin, Thomas / Becktor, Jonas P.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the volumetric alterations and osseointegration properties in the augmented area of the ring technique using different types of bone graft material in sheep mandible bone.
Materials and Methods: Three different materials (columnar forms, 7-mm diameter, 3-mm height) were stabilized using dental implants with a turned surface in the mandible bone of Finnish Dorset cross-bred sheep: group A, autogenous bone; group B, bovine bone; group C, biphasic bone substitute. Animals were euthanized after 5 weeks (N = 6). Three-dimensional image data by digital oral scanner were taken at the surgery and sacrifice, and the volume alteration of the material was calculated. The bone samples were fixed in formalin and dehydrated in ethanol. Resin-embedded samples were subjected to non-decalcified ground sectioning, and histologic and histomorphometric analysis (bone and material area alteration, bone-to-implant contact [BIC]) were done.
Results: In three-dimensional (3D) image analysis, group A showed a statistically higher percentage of remaining materials compared with groups B and C. The histologic observation showed no new bone formations around the implants in all groups, especially at the maxillary site of the implant in the augmented area. In histomorphometric analysis, group A showed a statistically higher percentage of bone area (BA) compared with groups B and C; however, in all groups, bone-to-implant contact (BIC) showed low values, and there were no statistical differences between groups.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the autogenous bone maintained bone volume around the dental implant using the ring technique, and the impact of surface properties was of some importance; osseointegration with the turned surface in the augmented area showed low BIC values in all groups.

Keywords: autogenous bone, biphasic bone substitute, bone regeneration, bovine bone, dental implant, ring technique