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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 34 (2019), No. 2     22. Mar. 2019
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 34 (2019), No. 2  (22.03.2019)

Page 423-433, doi:10.11607/jomi.6730, PubMed:30282085


Imaging Aspects of the Mandibular Incisive Canal: A PROSPERO-Registered Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cone Beam Computed Tomography Studies
Ferreira Barbosa, Daniel Almeida / Barros, Isadora Daniel / Teixeira, Renata Cordeiro / Menezes Pimenta, Alynne Vieira / Kurita, Lúcio Mitsuo / Barros Silva, Paulo Goberlânio / Gurgel Costa, Fábio Wildson
Purpose: This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on mandibular incisive canal (MIC) studies using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Materials and Methods: A PROSPERO-registered systematic review (#42017056619) was conducted following the PRISMA statements to summarize current knowledge on the CBCT aspects of the MIC. A search was performed in PubMed's Medline and Scopus databases, without date or language restrictions, using the algorithm {[(Interforaminal region) OR (mandibular incisive channel) OR (mandibular incisive nerve) OR (mental mandible) OR (anterior mandible) (cone beam computed tomography)]}. Also, the references were crosschecked. The Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument and meta-analysis was used to evaluate the selected studies.
Results: A total of 410 articles were found, and 25 studies were selected after a two-step selection process. The CBCT systems differed regarding field of view (FOV) (large, n = 3; medium, n = 2; small, n = 4; not informed, n = 16) and voxel size (0.15 to 0.4 mm). Geographically, the studies were distributed across four continents (South America, North America, Asia, and Europe), and there was a statistical significance of studies from the American and Asian continents (P < .0001). From 3,421 CBCT exams, the number of female patients was slightly higher than male, and the mean age ranged from 29.8 to 59.1 years. The overall mean prevalence of MIC was 89.6% ± 15.08%, and bilateral occurrence was statistically significant (P < .0001). The studies using a voxel size lower than 0.3 mm showed the highest mean prevalence (93.88%) in comparison with voxel size described as ≥ 0.3 mm (89.33%). Diameter (0.45 to 4.12 mm) and length (6.6 to 40.3 mm) showed great variability among the included studies.
Conclusion: The results of this systematic review evidenced a high worldwide prevalence of MIC. There was no prevalence of MIC in relation to sex, and its presence was mainly related to adults between the fourth and sixth decades of life. In addition, great heterogeneity of methodologies was observed.

Keywords: cone beam computed tomography, epidemiologic studies, mandibular incisive canal, systematic review