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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 34 (2019), Supplement     31. May 2019
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 34 (2019), Supplement  (31.05.2019)

Supplement, Page s25-s33


Peri-implant Mucosal Tissues and Inflammation: Clinical Implications
Fiorellini, Joseph P. / Luan, Kevin WanXin / Chang, Yu-Cheng / Kim, David Minjoon / Sarmiento, Hector L.
Purpose: The purpose of this review was to explore the available literature and compile studies that discuss the relevance of the biofilm, onset and progression of disease, critical peri-implant pocket depth, frequency of supportive implant therapy, excess cement, and keratinized peri-implant tissues as related to peri-implant disease.
Materials and Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Oral Health Group Specialized Trial Register, and hand searches of related journals were performed in relationship to the focused question. Reports describing techniques, preclinical studies, and case reports were excluded.
Results: Due to the absence of controlled studies, a meta-analysis could not be performed. Summaries of relevant publications were completed for each topic area. Clinical recommendations were developed to provide guidance to the practitioner.
Conclusion: The importance of proper diagnosis, planning, and clinical treatment cannot be overstated. Patient factors including systemic disease, periodontal status, and oral hygiene significantly impact peri-implant health. Clinician factors such as implant position, excess cement, and restorative design can contribute to development of peri-implant disease. Surveillance of implant status is essential and can be assisted by the assessment of risk factors, establishment of a proper recall program, and monitoring changes in bone and peri-implant pocket depths.

Keywords: biofilm, cement, dental implants, inflammation, peri-implant disease, pocket depth, supportive implant therapy