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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 34 (2019), No. 4     22. July 2019
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 34 (2019), No. 4  (22.07.2019)

Page 992-998, doi:10.11607/jomi.7161, PubMed:30779823


Influence of Crown-to-Implant Ratio on Long-Term Marginal Bone Loss Around Short Implants
Di Fiore, Adolfo / Vigolo, Paolo / Sivolella, Stefano / Cavallin, Francesco / Katsoulis, Joannis / Monaco, Carlo / Stellini, Edoardo
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of the crown-to-implant ratio (CI) on marginal bone loss (MBL) around short dental implants placed in the posterior mandible.
Materials and Methods: All patients treated with short implants (7-mm length) in the posterior mandible between 1994 and 2003 at the Dental Clinic of the Department of Neuroscience of the University of Padua (Italy) were retrospectively included in the analysis. MBL and clinical CI (cCI) were measured on the radiographs. Implant characteristics including implant diameter, prosthetic type, retention mode, antagonist type, veneering material, and implant surfaces were retrieved from local medical records. A generalized linear mixed model was estimated to identify the predictors of MBL.
Results: A total of 108 dental implants placed in 51 patients were included in the analysis. Mean follow-up was 16 years (range: 11 to 20 years). Mean cCI was 2.21 (SD = 0.31) with a mean crown height of 10.86 mm (SD = 0.99). Mean MBL was 1.42 mm (SD = 0.38). At multivariable analysis, cCI ≥ 2 was associated with higher MBL (regression coefficient: 0.27; 95% CI: 0.15 to 0.40), while implant characteristics, follow-up, and site were not associated with MBL. The effect of a cCI ≥ 2 was estimated in an increase of 0.28 mm in MBL (95% CI: 0.14 to 0.43 mm).
Conclusion: Higher cCI was associated with greater MBL of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses in short dental implants placed in the posterior mandible, while implant characteristics, follow-up, and site were not associated with MBL. However, the increase of 0.28 mm of MBL in patients with a cCI ≥ 2 may not be clinically relevant.

Keywords: crown-to-implant ratio, implant-supported dental prosthesis, marginal bone loss, prosthetic parameters, short implant