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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 35 (2020), No. 3     26. May 2020
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 35 (2020), No. 3  (26.05.2020)

Page 566-575, doi:10.11607/jomi.7961, PubMed:32406655


Three-Dimensional Volumetric Changes After Socket Augmentation with Deproteinized Bovine Bone and Collagen Matrix
Morelli, Thiago / Zhang, Shaoping / Monaghan, Eugenia / Moss, Kevin L. / Lopez, Brenda / Marchesan, Julie
Purpose: Socket augmentation decreases the magnitude of alveolar ridge resorption, but the literature is limited in respect to quantifying soft tissue remodeling. The aim of this study was to determine the volumetric and linear dimensional changes at the buccal surface for both hard and soft tissues after socket augmentation treated with a xenogeneic collagen matrix in combination with bone grafting.
Materials and Methods: Twenty-four individuals indicated for tooth extraction were enrolled in this investigation. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) deproteinized bovine bone + collagen plug, or (2) deproteinized bovine bone + xenogeneic collagen matrix. A cone beam computed tomography scan was taken prior to extraction and at 6 months postextraction. Intraoral scanning images were taken at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months postextraction. Hard and soft tissue analyses were performed to compare linear ridge remodeling and volumetric changes by noncontact reverse-engineering software.
Results: Both groups showed bone and soft tissue remodeling. For hard tissue remodeling, there was no significant difference between the collagen plug and collagen matrix groups. For soft tissue remodeling, the collagen matrix group showed a reduced soft tissue loss compared with the collagen plug group. The volumetric analysis demonstrated that the mean buccal soft tissue volume loss for the collagen matrix group was 68.6 mm3 compared with 87.6 mm3 found in the collagen plug group (P = .009) over a 6-month period.
Conclusion: This clinical investigation provides early evidence of using the total tissue volume to compare soft and hard tissue remodeling after socket augmentation. The results of this study demonstrated that the use of a xenogeneic collagen matrix reduced the buccal soft tissue loss after tooth extraction, but additional studies are necessary to evaluate the clinical significance of soft tissue augmentation after tooth extraction.

Keywords: 3D, biomaterials, bone graft, bone substitute, randomized controlled clinical trial