Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 35 (2020), No. 4 30. July 2020
Purpose: Dental anxiety causes patients to avoid or delay dental treatments. This delay leads to more serious dental problems, which can then lead to more invasive and expensive treatment with possible emergency situations. The purpose of this study was to determine the most successful and effective kind of music to lessen the anxiety of patients during dental implant surgery.
Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective observational randomized controlled study. Eighty dental implant surgery patients aged between 40 and 70 years were chosen for the study. Patients were divided into four groups: group 1—classic Turkish music group (Saba or Rast Tune); group 2—classical music (Vivaldi); group 3—slow rock music; and group 4—control group. Blood pressures, heart rate, and O2 saturations of the patients were evaluated along with Corah's Dental Anxiety Survey (CDAS) at admittance. After 5 minutes of music in the room, the same evaluations were recorded, and the survey was repeated.
Results: All the groups with music treatment had a significant decrease in anxiety levels. It was observed that listening to music had a positive effect on dental anxiety regardless of the kind of music. There were significant differences in CDAS values postoperatively. Turkish music and classical music were much more effective in diminishing dental anxiety compared with soft rock music (P = .000 and .002, respectively).
Conclusion: This study indicated that regardless of the kind of music, listening to music diminishes dental anxiety significantly; Turkish music and classical music were the most effective kinds of music.
Keywords: dental anxiety, dental implant, music effect, music genres