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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 4     15. July 2008
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 4  (15.07.2008)

Page 696-704, PubMed:18807567

Five-year Prospective Evaluation of Mandibular Overdentures Retained by Two Microthreaded, TiOBlast Nonsplinted Implants and Retentive Ball Anchors
Cooper, Lyndon F. / Moriarty, John D. / Guckes, Albert D. / Klee, Lindsey B. / Smith, Rex G. / Almgren, Charlotte / Felton, David A.
Purpose: The aim of this 5-year prospective evaluation was to assess the bone and peri-implant mucosa responses at unsplinted, microthread implants supporting mandibular overdentures and to determine patient responses to therapy.
Materials and Methods: Two implants were placed by a 1-stage procedure in the parasymphyseal mandibles of 59 subjects. Implant placement was followed by immediate insertion of overdentures without connection to abutments. After 3 months, connection using Dalla Bona attachments was made and peri-implant mucosa, peri-implant bone, and patient perceptions of treatment were evaluated.
Results: The implant success rate was 95.9% from 6 to 60 months. The changes in marginal bone levels were positive (bone gain) but did not reach statistical significance at 12, 36, or 60 months (+0.13 ± 0.59 mm, +0.23 ± 0.66 mm, and +0.09 ± 0.79, respectively). Treatment was viewed as effective; patients rating satisfaction with their teeth increased from a preoperative level of 12.1% to 94.6% at overdenture abutment connection and remained high (81.6%) after 5 years.
Conclusions: Expedited mandibular overdenture therapy utilizing unsplinted, microthreaded mandibular parasymphyseal implants was associated with high implant survival, preservation of crestal bone, and high patient satisfaction. Complications were minor and related to prosthodontic features of therapy.

Keywords: dental implant, mandibular edentulism, microthread, patient satisfaction