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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 4     15. July 2008
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 4  (15.07.2008)

Page 705-708, PubMed:18807568

Multicenter Retrospective Study of Cement-Retained Implant-Supported Anterior Partial Prostheses: Success and Restoration Evaluation
Khraisat, Ameen / Jebreen, Sami E. / Baqain, Zaid H. / Smadi, Leena / Bakaeen, Lara / Abu-Hammad, Osama A.
Purpose: The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate implant success and restorative complications of cement-retained implant-supported anterior partial prostheses in Jordan.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of all implants with a minimum of 1-year follow-up were used to support fixed, cement-retained restorations from April 2000 until March 2007. The cement-retained implants were loaded with either single- or multiple-tooth replacements. The Fisher exact test was performed to test the presence of any statistically significant difference in success concerning gender or arch of placement.
Results: Eighty-seven implants were placed in the anterior region of the mandible or maxilla in 49 patients at multiple clinical practices in Jordan. The age of the patients ranged from 17 to 85 years. Eighteen implants were placed in the mandible and 69 in the maxilla. Three maxillary implants in 2 male patients had 3-mm horizontal bone loss. Those 3 implants are still functioning and were considered surviving implants but not successful implants. Therefore, the implant cumulative survival rate for both arches and genders was 100%. The implant cumulative success rate was 95.78%. Three crowns (maxillary) were dislodged. No significant differences were revealed regarding gender or arch of placement (P > .05).
Conclusions: Cement-retained implants exhibited high survival and success rates among a Jordanian population.

Keywords: cement, implant-supported prosthesis, restorative problems, success rate, survival rate