Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 2 15. Mar. 2008
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the current Periotest system when measuring implant systems and to present a new system to monitor implant interface integrity.
Materials and Methods: The new system records an impact accelerometer signal and utilizes software for data analysis to determine the resonance frequency of an implant-abutment system. The new system uses the handpiece from the Periotest to acquire an impact signal but makes no use of the rest of the device. Tests were completed to determine the repeatability of the new system along with the effects clinical variables such as abutment torque, angulation of the handpiece, striking height, and distance handpiece is held from the abutment have on the measurement results. Accuracy of the current Periotest method as well as the new system was independently evaluated through the use of an abutment with a strain gauge attached.
Results: The new system for impact testing is shown to have greater accuracy than that of the Periotest device. Additionally, the effects of handpiece distance from abutment and torque (when above 15 Ncm) were found to be negligible while angulation of the handpiece and striking height affected the resonance frequency of the new system.
Conclusion: The results of the in vitro testing indicate that greater resolution and accuracy can be achieved from an impact test that utilizes a clinical measurement protocol and independent analysis of the impact accelerometer signal.
Keywords: biomechanics, clinical assessment, diagnosis, impact test, implant interface, implant stability, resonance frequency analysis