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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 1     15. Jan. 2008
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 (2008), No. 1  (15.01.2008)

Page 147-152, PubMed:18416427


Alveolar Cleft Closure by Distraction Osteogenesis with Skeletal Anchorage During Consolidation
Pektas, Zafer Özgür / Kircelli, Beyza Hancioglu / Bayram, Burak / Kircelli, Cem / Uckan, Sina
Intraoral distraction osteogenesis (DO) has been widely used for the reconstruction of various dentoalveolar defects. However, its use in the management of alveolar clefts is relatively new. This method allows the closure of the cleft via the regeneration of new alveolar bone and attached gingiva through the distraction of a dento-osseous segment. It eliminates the need for a donor site for autogenous bone grafting and possible graft failure. However, the relatively long consolidation period required for the use of intraoral DO devices may result in soft tissue irritation that would compromise patient cooperation, especially in children. In the case presented, the intraoral DO technique was used for the treatment of a unilateral residual alveolar cleft and an implant was subsequently placed in the regenerated bone. A miniplate was also placed to serve as a skeletal anchor to enable the early removal of the distractor device. The distractor was removed before the beginning of the consolidation phase.

Keywords: alveolar cleft, dental implant, distraction osteogenesis, skeletal anchorage