We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website. Furthermore we use Google Analytics to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage which creates Cookies too. You will find more information in our privacy policy.
OK, I agree I do not want Google Analytics-Cookies
The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



Forgotten password?


Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 22 (2007), No. 3     15. May 2007
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 22 (2007), No. 3  (15.05.2007)

Page 399-407, PubMed:17622006

Impact of Implant Surface and Grafting Protocol on Clinical Outcomes of Endosseous Implants
Marchetti, Claudio / Pieri, Francesco / Trasarti, Stefano / Corinaldesi, Giuseppe / Degidi, Marco
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate the survival of implants placed in maxillary sinuses augmented with a 70:30 mixture of autogenous bone and anorganic bovine hydroxyapatite (Bio-Oss) at 1 and 5 years, (2) observe the difference in survival rate between 1-stage and 2-stage procedures, and (3) compare the survival rate of rough-surfaced implants with that of machined implants.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 consecutively patients (48 sinuses) with Cawood and Howell Class V and VI atrophy were evaluated. Lateral osteotomy techniques were used in all cases. Implants were placed either simultaneous with grafting (1-stage procedure) or after a delay (2-stage procedure), depending on the amount of residual bone. A 70:30 mixture of autogenous bone and anorganic bovine hydroxyapatite was used as the graft material. All patients were followed up at 1 year after prosthetic loading, while a limited group of these patients was followed up to 5 years.
Results: In 8 patients where the residual crestal bone under the sinus floor assessed by computed tomography was at least 4.5 mm (mean, 5.3 mm), the 1-stage procedure was used for 11 sinus elevations and 32 implants. In 22 patients where the residual crestal bone was less than 4.5 mm (mean, 2.5 mm), the 2-stage procedure was used for 37 sinus elevations and 108 implants. For the 140 implants placed, the overall survival rate was 95.7% at the healing abutment surgery, and the cumulative survival rate was 94.9% at 1 and 5 years. The type of surgical technique was significantly associated with implant failure (P < .05); implants placed using the 1-stage procedure showed a failure rate of 12.5%, while implants placed with the 2-stage procedure had a failure rate of 2.8%. No significant difference in survival rate was observed with respect to implant surface.
Conclusions: A high survival rate was achieved when sinus elevation was performed with a combination of autogenous bone and anorganic bovine hydroxyapatite, even where a minimal amount of residual crestal bone was present. The survival rate was improved when implants were placed after a healing period.

Keywords: autogenous bone graft, bovine hydroxyapatite, dental implants, maxillary sinus augmentation