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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 24 (2009), No. 3     19. June 2009
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 24 (2009), No. 3  (19.06.2009)

Page 412-418, PubMed:19587862

Electrocardiographic Alterations During Endosseous Implant Placement Performed with Local Anesthetic Agents
Romano, Marcelo Munhóes / Soares, Mario Sergio / Pastore, Carlos Alberto / Guaré, Renata de Oliveira / Adde, Carlos Alberto
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze electrocardiographic alterations during dental implant surgeries when local anesthetic agents were used.
Materials and Methods: Twenty implants were placed in 18 healthy patients. An electrocardiogram and Wincardio software were used to gather recordings from 12 static leads every 2 minutes, continuously record coronary artery (D2) derivations, and automatically measure the following electrocardiographic parameters: heart rate, duration and amplitude of the P wave, PR segment duration, ST segment deviation, QRS complex duration, and duration of the RR, QT, and corrected QT (QTc) intervals.
Results: Analysis of variance of the values obtained at the different stages showed significant differences (P < .05) for the heart rate and for the duration of the RR and QT intervals. The heart rate increased during the anesthesia, incision, and bone drilling stages, reaching a peak during drilling. Duration of the RR and QT intervals decreased during the incision and drilling stages. Among the electrocardiographic parameters individually assessed, several altered values were found for the duration of the P wave, the QRS complex, and the QT and QTc intervals. Sinusal tachycardia and bradycardia, sinusal arrhythmia, supraventricular extrasystole, ventricular extrasystole, and T-wave inversion were detected.
Conclusion: Dental implant placement surgery may induce electrocardiographic alterations. The most frequently found arrhythmias were extrasystole and sinusal tachycardia. The anesthesia, incision, and bone drilling stages exhibited the highest heart rate values and the shortest durations of the RR and QT intervals.

Keywords: cardiac arrhythmia, dental implants, electrocardiographics, sedation