We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website. Furthermore we use Google Analytics to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage which creates Cookies too. You will find more information in our privacy policy.
OK, I agree I do not want Google Analytics-Cookies
The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Login:
username:

password:

Plattform:

Forgotten password?

Registration

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 20 (2005), No. 6     15. Nov. 2005
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 20 (2005), No. 6  (15.11.2005)

Page 875-881


In Vitro Evaluation of Bacterial Leakage Along the Implant-Abutment Interface of Different Implant Systems
Steinebrunner, Lars / Wolfart, Stefan / Bößmann, Klaus / Kern, Matthias
Purpose: Microbial leakage and colonization between implants and their abutments may cause inflammatory reactions in the peri-implant tissues. This study evaluated microbial leakage at the implant-abutment interface with a new in vitro model.
Materials and Methods: Bacterial leakage was tested during dynamic loading in a 2-axis chewing simulator. The authors theorized that dynamic loading would decrease the stability of the implant-abutment connections and thereby lead to bacterial penetration along the gap. Five different implant systems with 8 standard implant-abutment combinations for single molar crowns were tested. The internal aspects of the implants were inoculated with a bacterial suspension and connected to the superstructure with the recommended torque. The specimens were immersed in a nutrient solution and loaded with 1,200,000 cycles of 120 N in the chewing simulator.
Results: Statistically significant differences (P <= .05) between implant systems with respect to number of chewing cycles until bacterial penetration were found.
Discussion: The degree of penetration in a specific implant system presumably is a multifactorial condition dependent on the precision of fit between the implant and the abutment, the degree of micromovement between the components, and the torque forces used to connect them.
Conclusion: It was concluded that the newly developed test model is a sensitive tool for the detection of differences between current implant systems with respect to their ability to prevent bacterial penetration at the implant-abutment interface under dynamic loading conditions.

Keywords: abutments, bacterial leakage, chewing simulation, dental implants