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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 25 (2010), No. 2     15. Mar. 2010
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 25 (2010), No. 2  (15.03.2010)

Page 295-304, PubMed:20369087

Biomechanical Effect of Platform Switching in Implant Dentistry: A Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis
Chang, Chih-Ling / Chen, Chen-Sheng / Hsu, Ming-Lun
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the implant-bone interface stresses in anisotropic three-dimensional finite element models of an osseointegrated implant with platform switching and a conventional matching-diameter implant platform and abutment in the posterior maxilla.
Materials and Methods: Three-dimensional finite element models were created of a first molar section of the maxilla and embedded with a single endosseous implant (4.1 x 10 mm). One model simulated a 4.1-mm-diameter abutment connection and the other was a narrower 3.4-mm-diameter abutment connection, ie, simulating a platform-switching configuration. A gold alloy crown with 2-mm occlusal thickness was applied over the titanium abutment. Material properties of compact and cancellous bone were modeled as fully orthotropic and transversely isotropic, respectively. Oblique (200-N vertical and 40-N horizontal) occlusal loads were applied and perfect bonding was assumed at all interfaces.
Results: Maximum von Mises, compressive, and tensile stresses in compact bone were lower in the platform- switching model than in the conventional model. However, the maximum von Mises stress in cancellous bone was higher in the platform-switching model than in the conventional model.
Conclusion: The platform-switching technique reduced the stress concentration in the area of compact bone and shifted it to the area of cancellous bone during oblique loading.

Keywords: finite element analysis, orthotropy, platform switching, stress, transverse isotropy