Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 (2002), No. 2 15. Apr. 2002
Purpose: To investigate the effects of bone grafting and radiotherapy on implant survival rates.
Materials and Methods: This follow-up study involved 36 patients with 180 implants who were treated between January 1989 and December 2000 by prosthodontic rehabilitation using osseointegrated implants following jaw resection. They comprised 20 patients with malignant tumors, 12 with benign tumors, and 2 patients each with osteomyelitis and cysts.
Results: A total of 15 implants (11 in the maxilla and 4 in the mandible) were removed for various reasons during the follow-up study. Implant survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method; the overall survival rate for the 180 implants was 88.6%. Specific implant survival rates were as follows: in residual bone, 73.8% for the maxilla and 95.2% for the mandible; in grafted bone, 80% for the maxilla and 94.1% for the mandible; in irradiated bone, 79.7%; and in nonirradiated bone, 93.5%.
Discussion: Radiotherapy, a dose of 30 Gy, was performed in patients with malignant tumors but not in patients with benign tumors, cysts, or osteomyelitis. No differences were found in the results for implants placed due to jaw resection for malignant tumors and those for implants placed due to benign tumors, cysts, or osteomyelitis. Implants lost varied in length from 7 to 18 mm. Among these, loss was more frequent with shorter implants (lengths to 10 mm).
Conclusion: The clinical results obtained in the present study compare favorably with those obtained by others. However, jaw reconstruction and rehabilitation should not be performed by the oral surgeon alone; oral and maxillofacial function should be restored using a team approach in close cooperation with specialists in prosthodontics and periodontics to improve the result of implant treatment.
Keywords: dental implants, resected jaw