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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 25 (2010), No. 3     15. May 2010
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 25 (2010), No. 3  (15.05.2010)

Page 482-490, PubMed:20556246


Morphologic Classification and Stress Analysis of the Mandibular Bone in the Premolar Region for Implant Placement
Hudieb, Malik / Wakabayashi, Noriyuki / Suzuki, Tetsuya / Kasugai, Shohei
Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess the influence of mandibular morphology on the stress and strain distributions in the bone supporting an implant.
Materials and Methods: Subjects were selected from patients with missing mandibular premolar teeth. Computed tomographic scans of the premolar region were classified into nine groups based on the overall bone morphology and the relative position of the alveolar crest. Finite element models of the bone on the basis of this classification, with inserted implants and superstructures, were constructed. A load of 200 N applied 30 degrees buccal from the vertical axis was directed toward the occlusal surface.
Results: One hundred two partially (n = 98) and completely (n = 4) edentulous subjects were recruited. Their ages ranged from 40 to 79 years (mean age, 60.5 years; 41 men and 61 women). Approximately 56% of the patients showed bone widening in the caudal direction. The maximum compressive stresses were shown in the lingual cervical regions. An influence of overall bone morphology on stress distribution was not observed; however, the alveolar crest contour clearly affected the maximum stress and strain values. Compressive microstrain above 4,000 was observed only when the alveolar crest was lingually located relative to the body of the mandible. These high strain levels were concentrated at the lingual cervical margin, with volumes ranging from 0.04 to 0.07 mm3.
Conclusion: The contour of the alveolar crest potentially plays a critical role in maintaining the bone levels surrounding implants.

Keywords: bone morphology, computed tomography, dental implant, mandible, stress