Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 (2002), No. 4 15. Aug. 2002
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 (2002), No. 4 (15.08.2002)
Multicenter Retrospective Analysis of the Solid-Screw ITI Implant for Posterior Single-Tooth Replacements
Levine, Robert A. / Clem, Donald / Beagle, Jay R. / Ganeles, Jeffrey / Johnson, Peter / Solnit, Gary / Keller, G. William
Purpose: This report involves the retrospective analysis of ITI implants placed and/or restored by a group of 7 clinicians located throughout the United States (5 periodontists and 2 prosthodontists). Materials and Methods: Six hundred seventy-five posterior single-tooth implants were restored in 471 patients (average time of loading 21.30 months, with a range of 1 to 78 months). Three hundred seventy implants and 71 implants were placed in mandibular and maxillary molar sites, respectively, and 108 and 126 were placed in mandibular and maxillary premolar sites, respectively. Results: A cumulative survival rate of 99.1% was obtained for all sites (6 failures). The survival rates for individual sites were as follows: 98.4% mandibular molars, 100% maxillary molars, 100% mandibular premolars, and 100% maxillary premolars. "At-risk" implants (1 to 2 mm of radiographic bone loss) were noted at 5 sites. Discussion: Minimal restorative problems were found with either screw-retained (n = 71) or cemented restorations on solid abutments (n = 600); 80.3% of screw-retained and 98.2% of cemented restorations were free of complications, respectively. Patient satisfaction scores were high (97.4%) as determined by the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire. Conclusion: The data suggest that solid-screw (4.1 or 4.8 mm wide) ITI implants can be a satisfactory choice for posterior single-tooth restorations.