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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 (2002), No. 6     15. Dec. 2002
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 (2002), No. 6  (15.12.2002)

Page 816-819

The Effect of Smoking on Achieving Osseointegration of Surface-Modified Implants: A Clinical Report
Kumar, Akshay / Jaffin, Robert A. / Berman, Charles L.
Purpose: The present study evaluated the effect of smoking on achieving initial osseointegration when surface-modified dental implants were used. Materials and Methods: During an 18-month period in a private practice setting, 1,183 implants were placed in 461 patients. The group of smokers consisted of patients who smoked a half pack or more of cigarettes per day. Results: The overall success rate for smokers and non-smokers in achieving osseointegration was 98.1%. Ninety-seven percent of the implants placed in smokers osseointegrated successfully, and 98.4% of implants placed in non-smokers osseointegrated successfully (P < .05). Discussion: The surface of an implant may be a critical determinant for achieving osseointegration in patients who smoke. Conclusion: It appears from this short-term retrospective study that smoking does not play a significant role in achieving the osseointegration of surface-modified dental implants.