Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 16 (2001), No. 2 15. Apr. 2001
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 16 (2001), No. 2 (15.04.2001)
Early Implant Failures in Patients Treated with Brånemark System Titanium Dental Implants: A Retrospective Study
Kronstrom, Mats / Svenson, Björn / Hellman, Mats / Persson, G. Rutger
Implant failure has been associated with factors such as poor bone quality, insufficient bone volume, implant instability, unfavorable implant loading, and smoking habits. Infections and host responses may also be important factors in dental implant failure. The objectives of the present study were to identify various explanatory factors associated with titanium implant failure. Forty subjects with stage 1 non-osseointegrated titanium dental implants (NOTI) ad modum Brånemark and 40 age- and gender-matched control subjects with successfully osseointegrated titanium implants (SOTI) were studied. Clinical data and gamma G immunoglobulin (IgG) antibody titers were studied. An independent t test revealed that significantly longer implants were placed in subjects with SOTI (P < .05). Statistically significant differences in bone shape and resorption (BSR) scores were found between SOTI and NOTI (P < .05). Logistic regression analysis identified 3 significant explanatory outcome variables: serum antibody avidity scores for Bacteroides forsythus (P < .0001), serum antibody titers to Staphylococcus aureus (P < .001), and the BSR scores (P < .05). Antibody avidity to B forsythus and antibody titer to S aureus were therefore the 2 most important factors associated with early implant failures and with a significant predictive ability. This indicates that immunologic factors are involved in osseointegration.