Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 15 (2000), No. 5 15. Oct. 2000
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 15 (2000), No. 5 (15.10.2000)
A Multicenter Report on 1,022 Consecutively Placed ITI Implants: A 7-Year Longitudinal Study
Brocard, Daniel / Barthet, Pierre / Baysse, Eric / Duffort, Jean François / Eller, Philippe / Justumus, Pierre / Marin, Pierre / Oscaby, Françoise / Simonet, Thierry
The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate cumulative success and survival rates of ITI implants after 7 years. A complete medical report was obtained for all 440 patients enrolled in this investigation, which involved 10 different private practices. The 1,022 consecutively placed implants were distributed between completely edentulous, partially edentulous, and single-tooth replacement cases. During the annual follow-up visit, each implant was examined both clinically and radiographically using predefined success criteria. The cumulative survival and success rates were calculated for all implants. Implant subgroups were defined according to the medical history of the patients or pooled according to various indications, locations, implant designs, or implant lengths. In each subgroup, the related cumulative success rate was statistically compared to the global cumulative success rate. Fifteen implants (1.4%) were regarded as early failures, and at the end of the follow-up, the global failure rate reached 6.6%; 30 implants (3%) were lost to follow-up. At 5 years, the cumulative survival rate was 95.4%; this declined to 92.2% at 7 years. The weakest success rates were observed for implants placed in older patients, periodontally treated patients, and completely edentulous arches. Conversely, cumulative success rates that were significantly above average were observed for patients between 40 and 60 years old without pathology, implants placed after bone regeneration, solid-screw implants, implants placed in edentulous spaces, and implants placed as single-tooth replacements. This investigation has demonstrated that in these 10 private practice settings, the success rate for ITI implants remained high for up to 5 years and declined slightly between 5 and 7 years. It should be noted that in later year intervals, a relatively small number of implants remained for the analysis of cumulative success rates.
Keywords: dental implants, longitudinal studies, life tables