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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 14 (1999), No. 5     15. Oct. 1999
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 14 (1999), No. 5  (15.10.1999)

Page 661-672

Crystallographic Characteristics of Plasma-Sprayed Calcium Phosphate Coatings on Ti-6Al-4V
Tufekci, Eser / Brantley, William A. / Mitchell, John C. / Foreman, Dennis W. / Georgette, Frederick S.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the crystallographic characteristics of 3 sets of plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings prepared with different degrees of crystallinity on Ti-6Al-4V substrates. X-ray diffraction analyses were performed on the coatings to determine mean percent crystallinity, calcium phosphate phases present, average crystallite size, and residual strain. The mean percent crystallinity for the 3 sets of coatings ranged from 49 to 60%. The coatings that achieved the highest crystallinity consisted almost entirely of HA. As the coating crystallinity decreased, increasing amounts of a- and ß-tricalcium phosphate and tetracalcium phosphate were detected. The mean HA crystallite size for the 3 sets of coatings ranged from 0.02 to 0.05 µm. Differences in mean interplanar spacing for selected crystallographic planes of HA, compared with the pure ICDD (International Center for Diffraction Data) powder standards, implied that the coatings were in an uneven state of tensile strain.

Keywords: crystallinity, hydroxyapatite, plasma-spraying, titanium, x-ray diffraction