Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 14 (1999), No. 5 15. Oct. 1999
In a retrospective study, Kaplan-Meier implant survival analyses were conducted on 883 patients with 1,964 implants of various systems placed, followed up, documented, and statistically evaluated at an oral surgery and dentistry practice between January 1981 and January 1997. The goal of this study was to evaluate the success of osseointegrated implants of the Brånemark, Frialit-1 (Tübinger Implant), Frialit-2, and IMZ systems and Linkow blade implants. For all systems, mandibular implants were generally more successful than maxillary implants. The preprosthetic loss rate was 1.9%, and 4.3% of implants were lost after prosthetic treatment. The lowest loss rates were seen with implants in intermediate and distal extension spaces and with single-tooth replacements using IMZ, Frialit-2, and Brånemark implants. In edentulous arches, implants of the IMZ and Brånemark systems had the lowest failure rates.
Keywords: dental implants, longitudinal study, long-term results