Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 14 (1999), No. 6 15. Dec. 1999
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 14 (1999), No. 6 (15.12.1999)
The Bone-Added Osteotome Sinus Floor Elevation Technique: Multicenter Retrospective Report of Consecutively Treated Patients
Rosen, Paul S. / Summers, Robert / Mellado, Jose R. / Salkin, Leslie M. / Shanaman, Richard H. / Marks, Manuel H. / Fugazzotto, Paul A.
A retrospective clinical evaluation of patients consecutively treated from multiple centers was performed. The treatment of these patients utilized the bone-added osteotome sinus floor elevation (BAOSFE) procedure with immediate implant fixation. The BAOSFE method employs a specific set of osteotome instruments to tent the sinus membrane with bone graft material placed through the osteotomy site. A total of 174 implants was placed in 101 patients. Implants were of both screw and cylinder shapes with machined, titanium plasma-sprayed, and hydroxyapatite surfaces from various manufacturers. The 9 participating clinicians used autografts, allografts, and xenografts alone or in various combinations, and the type of graft was selected by the individual clinicians. The choice of graft material did not appear to influence survival rates. Loading periods varied from 6 to 66 months. The survival rate was 96% or higher when pretreatment bone height was 5 mm or more and dropped to 85.7% when pretreatment bone height was 4 mm or less. The most important factor influencing implant survival with the BAOSFE was the preexisting bone height between the sinus floor and crest. This short-term retrospective investigation suggests that the BAOSFE can be a successful procedure with a wide variety of implant types and grafting procedures.
Keywords: bone-added osteotome sinus floor elevation, Caldwell-Luc surgery, osteotomes, retrospective clinical evaluation, sinus membrane