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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 13 (1998), No. 6     15. Dec. 1998
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 13 (1998), No. 6  (15.12.1998)

Page 791-798


Short (6-mm) Nonsubmerged Dental Implants: Results of a Multicenter Clinical Trial of 1 to 7 Years
Bruggenkate, Chris M. ten / Asikainen, Pekka / Foitzik, Christian / Krekeler, Gisbert / Sutter, Franz
Limited bone height restricts the use of long dental implants, so short implants may be selected in these situations. Recent reports on clinical results with short implants have been negative, however, and have suggested that indications for the use of these implants are limited. To verify these findings, a multicenter study of short ITI implants was carried out. In a 6-year period 253 short implants with a length of 6 mm were placed into 126 patients, who were followed up from 1 to 7 years. Altogether 7 implants were removed; 6 of these were located in the maxilla and 1 in the mandible. The quality of survival was comparable with the clinical results of longer implants from the same implant system. Although the clinical results of these short implants were favorable, it is recommended that they be used in combination with longer implants, especially when used in the less dense bone that is often seen in the maxilla.

Keywords: atrophy, clinical results, nonsubmerged, short dental implants