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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27 (2012), No. 1     15. Feb. 2012
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27 (2012), No. 1  (15.02.2012)

Page 48-54, PubMed:22299078


Relationship Between Subsinus Bone Height and Bone Volume Requirements for Dental Implants: A Human Radiographic Study
Kopecka, Dana / Simunek, Antonin / Brazda, Tomas / Rota, Martin / Slezak, Radovan / Capek, Lukas
Purpose: To analyze the vertical dimension of subsinus alveolar bone that is available for placement of endosseous implants.
Materials and Methods: Subsinus alveolar bone height (SBH) was determined via radiographs and categorized into three groups: Group A corresponded to SBH < 5 mm; group B SBH of 5 to 9 mm; and group C, SBH > 9 mm. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Wilcoxon paired test with the threshold for statistical significance set at P < .05.
Results: Five hundred eighty-three panoramic radiographs of edentulous maxillae were analyzed. In 96.9% of radiographs, the anterior border of the maxillary sinus was above the first premolar. Mean SBH values for canine, first premolar, second premolar, first molar, and second molar sites were 11.4 ± 6.2 mm, 10.6 ± 3.8 mm, 5.9 ± 2.5 mm, 3.3 ± 2.2 mm, and 4.5 ± 2.4 mm, respectively. Representations of groups A, B, and C in the canine region were 14.3%, 21.4%, and 64.3%, respectively; in the first premolar region they were 8.3%, 22.3%, and 69.4%, respectively; in the second premolar region, these were 31.6%, 60.9%, and 7.5%, respectively; in first molar region, the values were 73.1%, 25.4%, and 1.5%, respectively; and in the second molar region they were 54.2%, 41.7%, and 4.1%, respectively.
Conclusions: The mean SBH is the highest in the area of the anterior border of the sinus; it declines significantly toward the posterior maxilla, reaches its minimum in the area of the first molar, and increases again significantly in the second molar region. From a clinical point of view, the lateral window technique of sinus elevation remains the dominant augmentative procedure in the molar area, whereas in the premolar area, less invasive alternative methods may be more appropriate.

Keywords: alveolar bone, bone height, dental implants, sinus elevation, sinus pneumatization