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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27 (2012), No. 2     15. Mar. 2012
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27 (2012), No. 2  (15.03.2012)

Page 346-351, PubMed:22442774


Evaluation of Implant-Abutment Microgap and Bacterial Leakage in Five External-Hex Implant Systems: An In Vitro Study
Dias, Eduardo Cláudio Lopes de Chaves e Mello / Bisognin, Edecir Décio Cargnin / Harari, Nassim David / Machado, Sílvio Jorge / Silva, Cristiano Pereira da / Soares, Glória Dulce de Almeida / Vidigal jr., Guaracilei Maciel
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to verify the presence of a microgap between implants and prosthetic abutments on their external surfaces in five different external-hex implant systems and to determine whether bacterial leakage occurs through the implant-abutment (I-A) interface.
Materials and Methods: Ten samples of each implant system were used. Eight samples of each implant system were inoculated with 0.3 µL of a suspension of Escherichia coli for bacterial leakage evaluation. Two other samples were used as controls. Sample analysis was accomplished at 24 and 48 hours and on the 5th, 7th, and 14th day after inoculation. After microbiologic analysis, all samples were prepared for I-A interface evaluation by scanning electron microscopy. The mean of the microgap misfit was obtained from six points at ×1,000 and ×3,000 magnifications.
Results: The Neodent implant system (0.51 ± 0.39 µm) showed the closest adaptation, followed by Dentoflex (1.44 ± 0.73 µm), Titanium Fix (1.88 ± 1.28 µm), SIN (2.46 ± 3.38 µm), and Conexão (2.68 ± 3.02 µm). Twenty-five percent of the Dentoflex samples showed bacterial leakage through the I-A interface; no other implant system presented bacterial leakage.
Conclusion: The width of the microgap at the I-A interface was less than 3 µm in all systems. A direct correlation between bacterial leakage and I-A interface misfit was not observed.

Keywords: dental implant, microbial leakage, misfit