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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 3 (1988), No. 4     1. Dec. 1988
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 3 (1988), No. 4  (01.12.1988)

Page 287-289

Removal Torque of Osseointegrated Craniofacial Implants: A Clinical Study
Tjellström, Anders / Jacobsson, Magnus / Albrektsson, Tomas
Ten commercially pure titanium implants were inserted in the mastoid region of the human temporal bone in ten human volunteers and removed by using a torque gauge instrument 3 to 4 months thereafter. The average removal torque of nine implants was 42.7 Ncm with a range of 26 to 60 Ncm. One implant used for histology revealed evidence of bony as well as soft tissue in the interfacial region.

Keywords: clinical, osseointegration, removal torque, titanium implant