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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 4 (1989), No. 1     1. Mar. 1989
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 4 (1989), No. 1  (01.03.1989)

Page 19-25

Generation of New Bone Around Titanium Implants Using a Membrane Technique: An Experimental Study in Rabbits
Dahlin, Christer / Sennerby, Lars / Lekholm, Ulf / Linde, Anders / Nyman, Sture
Insufficient bone volume may be a significant problem in connection with dental implants. In this study, a technique based on the principle of guided tissue regeneration was tested for its ability to generate bone tissue around titanium implants. Implants were inserted in tibiae of rabbits. To create a secluded space for osteogenesis and to prevent soft tissue ingrowth, a porous Teflon membrane was placed around exposed parts of the implant. Where a membrane had been used, the threads of the implant were completely covered with significant amounts of new bone. This study indicates that the membrane technique is a reconstructive surgical method that may be applicable to create new bone around exposed parts of titanium implants in a clinical setting.

Keywords: bone regeneration, osteogenesis, Teflon membrane, titanium implant