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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 6 (1991), No. 3     1. Sep. 1991
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 6 (1991), No. 3  (01.09.1991)

Page 294-303

Histological and Clinical Comparisons of Guided Tissue Regeneration on Dehisced Hydroxylapatite-Coated and Titanium Endosseous Implant Surfaces: A Pilot Study
Zablotsky, Mark / Meffert, Roland / Caudill, Richard / Evans, Gerald
Fifty-six endosseous cylindrical implants were placed in dog mandibles 12 weeks after the extraction of all mandibular premolars and first molars. Eight implants, four coated with 50 µm of hydroxylapatite (HA) and four grit-blasted and titanium-surfaced, were placed in each dog. Ideal implant placement sites were modified by creating standardized 3 × 5-mm facial dehiscence defects. Half the dehiscences were treated with a modified expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane; the remainder served as controls. After 8 weeks of healing, the animals were sacrificed and measurements made to determine the percentage of dehiscence repair. The HA-coated implants had a mean defect fill of 95.17% and the grit-blasted implants had a percent fill of 82.8% in the guided tissue regeneration (GTR) test group; the control implants demonstrated a mean fill of 55% and 39% in the HA-coated and grit-blasted implants, respectively. Significant differences (P < .05) were noted between both test groups and the titanium control group, and between the HA test and HA control groups. Histologic evaluation showed significantly greater repair associated with HA-coated implants, as well as significant bone loss associated with clinically exposed membranes. It was concluded that within the limitations of this study, guided tissue regeneration is a viable option in treating defects associated with dental implants.

Keywords: guided tissue regeneration, hydroxylapatite-coated implants, titanium implants