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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 7 (1992), No. 2     1. June 1992
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 7 (1992), No. 2  (01.06.1992)

Page 233-245

Bone Regeneration Around Titanium Dental Implants in Dehisced Defect Sites: A Clinical Study
Jovanovic, Sascha A. / Spiekermann, Hubertus / Richter, E. Jürgen
Insufficient bone volume can be a significant problem when placing dental implants. This clinical study was designed to evaluate bone regeneration potential at dehisced dental implant sites. Nineteen titanium dental implants with exposed threads were studied. To create a secluded space for bone formation, an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE) membrane was placed over the exposed implant sites secured with an implant cover screw and completely covered with the flap. Three membranes perforated the overlying soft tissue during the healing time and were removed prematurely. The remaining membranes were removed after an uneventful healing period of 4.5 to 6 months. Fourteen of 19 dehisced implant sites were completely covered with newly formed bonelike tissue; 4 implants demonstrated partial bone fill at reentry and 1 implant showed partial fill with soft tissue. In five implant sites a reentry was performed between 6 and 9 weeks; nonmineralized fibrous tissue was found to fill the space under the membrane. At 16 of the 19 implant sites there were similar dehiscence-type defects that were evaluated as a group. These dehiscences varied from 2.0 to 9.0 mm. The percentage of bone fill at reentry ranged from 28.4% to 100% (mean 89.6%; SD 22.51; SE 5.63) and was highly significant (P < .0001). Six to 12 months after prosthesis connection, 12 of the 19 implants were available for radiographic interpretation and an average bone loss of 1.73 mm (SD = 0.43) was measured. This surgical application of an e-PTFE membrane suggested a viable clinical method for enhancing bone formation around dental implants.

Keywords: bone regeneration, clinical study, dehisced implant site, e-PTFE membrane, osteogenesis, titanium implant