A total of 104 consecutive patients treated with 313 Nobelpharma implants was studied to determine the medical risks associated with dental implants. There did not appear to be an increased implant failure rate or an increase in perioperative morbidity in patients with a compromised medical status. Age; sex; and concurrent use of hypoglycemic agents, supplemental female hormones, or steroids also did not correlate with increased implant failure or perioperative morbidity. Implant procedures using a variety of pain-/anxiety-control agents failed to reveal any increase in anesthetic-related complications. However, the number of implants placed per patient did correlate with implant failure. It appears that implant surgery and the required anesthetic appear to be safe procedures even in the medically compromised patient.
Keywords: complications, dental implants, medical risks