Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 7 (1992), No. 4 1. Dec. 1992
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 7 (1992), No. 4 (01.12.1992)
A Retrospective Study of Osseointegrated Skin-Penetrating Titanium Fixtures Used for Retaining Facial Prostheses
Jacobsson, Magnus / Tjellström, Anders / Fine, Louis / Andersson, Hannele
This investigation was conducted to evaluate osseointegrated skin-penetrating facial titanium implants used for anchoring facial prostheses over a 5-year period and to recommend guidelines for the use of osseointegrated implants in the restorative treatment of auricular and orbital defects. The total success rate for implant survival was 95.6% in the auricular defects and 67.2% in the orbital defects. Approximately 10% of the patients will have some skin problems, whereas the remaining 90% will have no or minimal problems. The possibility of achieving osseointegration around an orbital defect is not as good as in the mastoid process. Success criteria for the use of implants in the craniofacial region are given.
Keywords: facial prosthesis, osseointegration, titanium fixture