Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 8 (1993), No. 1 (01.01.1993)
Bone Grafts and Brånemark Implants in the Treatment of the Severely Resorbed Maxilla: A 2-Year Longitudinal Study
Nyström, Elisabeth / Kahnberg, Karl-Erik / Gunne, Johan
A combination of horseshoe-shaped iliac bone grafts and Brånemark implants was used in 30 patients with severely resorbed maxillary alveolar ridges. All patients were followed clinically for 2 years and evaluated with regard to prosthesis stability, fixture survival, wound healing complications, and soft tissue conditions. Surgery was performed by the same oral surgeons using identical procedures, and the prosthetic treatment was performed by the same prosthodontist. The development group included the first 10 patients and the routine group included the following 20. Fixture survival in the development group was 54.4%, whereas 88.3% of the fixtures in the routine group have survived after 2 years. The average fixture survival in the study was 77.4%. Three patients in the development group lost all fixtures, primarily the result of trauma to the grafted region. With respect to the difficult situation many of these patients experienced, the survival rate should be considered most acceptable.
Keywords: Brånemark implants, bone graft, maxilla