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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 8 (1993), No. 5     1. Sep. 1993
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 8 (1993), No. 5  (01.09.1993)

Page 541-548


A Photoelastic and Strain Gauge Analysis of Angled Abutments for an Implant System
Clelland, Nancy L. / Gilat, Amos / McGlumphy, Edwin A. / Brantley, William A.
This study was conducted to determine the effect of abutment angulation on the stress field near a specific dental implant. Photoelastic resin was cast directly to five 3.8 × 10-mm Steri-Oss implants in 50 × 70 × 13-mm molds. One additional model was fabricated with a strain gauge rosette embedded in the resin to allow precise determination of normal stresses. Zero-degree, 15-degree, and 20-degree abutments were assembled on each of the six implants, subjected to 178 N load, and viewed with a circular polariscope. Observed fringe patterns were photographed for all six models, and strain indicator readings were recorded for the strain gauge model. Numerical data from the strain gauges produced results that agreed with the visual interpretation of the isochromatic fringes. Strain gauge data were also used to calculate the principal stresses and strains. Although a statistically significant increase in stress and strain was found for each increase in abutment angulation, all three abutments produced principal strains that appear to be within the physiologic zone for bone. All values for stress and strain were determined at the location of the rosette, approximately 4 mm from the implant. Higher stresses and strains exist in regions closer to the fixture.

Keywords: angled implant abutments, photoelastic resin, strain gauges, stress analysis