Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 8 (1993), No. 6 1. Nov. 1993
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 8 (1993), No. 6 (01.11.1993)
In Vivo Measurements of Maximal Occlusal Force and Minimal Pressure Threshold on Overdentures Supported by Implants or Natural Roots: A Comparative Study, Part 1
Mericske-Stern, Regina / Hofmann, Jochen / Wedig, Ansgar / Geering, Alfred H.
Numerous investigations give evidence of improvement of masticatory performance when edentulous patients have had implants placed. A comparative study was carried out to investigate the oral function and tactile sensibility of patients restored with implant-supported overdentures. Twenty-six patients with ITI implants and 18 patients with natural-tooth roots were selected. The minimal pressure threshold perceived in vertical and horizontal directions was registered with dynamometers. Maximal occlusal force was recorded with a miniature bite recorder placed between each pair of antagonistic teeth on both jaw sides separately. All measurements were repeated three times and the average was calculated. The records of minimal perceived pressure revealed a significantly higher threshold (factor 100) for the implant group. In both test groups, values registered in the vertical direction were slightly increased. A tendency for test subjects with implants to reach higher maximal occlusal force was observed, but not at a statistically significant level. In both test groups, the average maximum was found on the second premolar. The minimal pressure threshold seems to depend on the presence of receptors in the periodontal ligament. The records of maximal occlusal force, which were similar in both test groups, lead to the assumption that the limitation in maximal occlusal capacity of overdenture wearers is multifactorial and does not depend on the presence of a periodontal ligament.
Keywords: copings, implants, occlusal force, overdentures, pressure threshold