We are using cookies to implement functions like login, shopping cart or language selection for this website. Furthermore we use Google Analytics to create anonymized statistical reports of the usage which creates Cookies too. You will find more information in our privacy policy.
OK, I agree I do not want Google Analytics-Cookies
The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



Forgotten password?


Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 9 (1994), No. 1     1. Jan. 1994
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 9 (1994), No. 1  (01.01.1994)

Page 31-40

The Use of e-PTFE Barrier Membranes for Bone Promotion Around Titanium Implants Placed Into Extraction Sockets: A Prospective Multicenter Study
Becker, William / Dahlin, Christer / Becker, Burton E. / Lekholm, Ulf / van Steenberghe, Daniel / Higuchi, Kenji / Kultje, Christina
This multicenter study was conducted to determine the predictability for implants placed into immediate extraction sockets and augmented with e-PTFE barrier membranes. Forty-nine implants were placed in immediate extraction sockets. Initial and final defect measurements and the number of threads exposed were compared. Patients were followed up to 1 year after implant loading. Three implants were lost at the abutment connection surgery. The 1-year survival rate was 93.9%. Twenty barrier membranes became exposed and were removed prior to stage 2 surgery, while the remaining barriers were removed at abutment connection. The average defect bone formation for membrane-retained sites was 4.8 mm, while the average bone formation for sites in which the membranes were prematurely removed was 4.0 mm (P < .0001). At stage 2 surgery there was an average of 0.6 threads exposed (P < .001) for the membrane-retained sites and 2.6 threads for the early removal sites (NS). Forty-five pairs of nonstandardized radiographs were evaluated for bone loss after implant loading (average 7.5 months). The mesiodistal bone loss averaged 0.72 mm. Within the limits of this study, e-PTFE membranes will promote clinically and statistically significant amounts of bone around immediately placed implants. Retention of e-PTFE barriers until stage 2 surgery improves the amount of bone promoted around the implants.

Keywords: bone promotion, e-PTFE barrier membranes, immediate implants